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HYPERTENSION

DEFINITION OF HYPERTENSION

 

Category   Systolic
blood pressure (mmHg)

Diastolic blood
 pressure (mmHg)

 

 

 

Blood pressure

 

 

Optimal

< 120

< 80

Normal

< 130

< 85

High normal

130-139

85-89

Hypertension

 

 

 

 

 

Grade 1 (mild)

140-159

 90-99

Grade 2 (moderate)

160-179

100-109

Grade 3 (severe)

≥180

 ≥110

 

 

 

Isolated systolic Hypertension

 

 

 

 

 

Grade 1

140-159

< 90

Grade 2

≥160

 <90

 

 

 

SYMPTOMS

  • No symptoms - many people are unaware they have hypertension until it is accidentally found at a doctor visit or they develop complications of hypertension
  • Non-specific symptoms - symptoms of hypertension may be mild and vague
  • Headache
  • Morning headache
  • Tinnitus
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Papilloedema
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